Motor racing classes

We live and breathe motorsport from every angle. Perspective is everything on the racetrack. The driver’s view through the helmet on the circuit. The eyes of the mechanics and engineers focused on the screens. And the spectators’ anticipating gaze on the finish line. In every aspect, Bosch is there. Our systems and components ensure that ... GRASSROOTS RACING ACTION AT ITS FINEST. OUR MOTORSPORT NEW ZEALAND ACCREDITED SPORTS CAR RACE SERIES IS RUN OVER 6 RACE MEETINGS ANNUALLY, WITH CLASSES TO SUIT ALL LEVELS OF CAR AND DRIVER OFFERING GREAT VARIETY AND FANTASTIC CLOSE RACING THROUGHOUT THE FIELD. OUR AIM IS TO FOSTER SPORTS CAR RACING NATIONWIDE, THROUGH THE CONSTRUCTION AND ...THE ACADEMY. Apex Racing Academy is the first two wheeler racing academy to be open round the year.ARA trains young riders in riding skills and develop them as competitive racing riders over a period of levels.The academy is based at Kari Motor Speedway, Coimbatore. Money Race 6-4-22. Money race Sat. June 4th-First kart Race of the season!!! Gates open at 2pm, Practice at 4pm and racing at 6pm. We are running all classes, The money classes are as follows. Stock predator $40 entry, 15 kart minimum 1st $400 2nd$200 3rd $100 4th $50 5th $25 Purple plate clone $35 entry, 15 kart minimum 1st $250 2nd$150 3rd ...Most racers in these two classes will have well less than $40,000 wrapped up in their entire car during the build process. That's a drop in the bucket compared to most of the quicker heads-up classes out there. These racers also save on maintenance costs since there isn't much to the cars.Safety. Our Supercar program is tailored to the skill level of each participant. Each experience includes a High Performance classroom session, complimentary rental of a professional racing helmet, and an in-car instructor to help make the most of your time on track! As with most AMA amateur national championships, and in recognition of the range of participants in amateur competition, the event includes multiple classes to provide ample opportunity for amateur racers to compete. Age, displacement and bike-configuration classes are featured. 2022 Mission Foods AMA Flat Track Grand Championship: July 7-13.Class ranking was by alphabetic order (A, B, C) with performance dictated by displacement per pound of mass. It was simple with few rules, making gasser classes very popular with rank-and-file...Mar 08, 2022 · Admission is free, donations accepted. Get Directions. Welcome to Eastern Museum of Motor Racing. Admission is free, donations accepted. Get Directions. Museum Hours: April-November; Friday, Saturday & Sunday – 10am-4pm. December-March; Friday – 10am-4pm. Volunteers Needed at the Museum…EMMR Needs Your Help! racing go kart dyno predator camshaft 275 grind ground cam motor 275-pred. $179.99 ... racing go kart dyno stock class predator camshaft ground cam motor cl4-pred . Jan 24, 2022 · The SCCA’s classes are slightly different, as the organization has two prototypes and one GT class for amateur racers. The P1 and P2 prototype classes allow for a wide range of vehicle designs,... Average track speed at Fayatteville Motor Speedway is 81 MPH. During a race, Street Stocks average 60 MPH in the corners and 80 on the straight-a-ways. Street Stocks use an Hoosier h500 8" wide racing tire. With our track surface, a car will go through an average of 8 tires per racing season. Rear tires can last around 8 weeks and front tires ... Welcome to Racing Outboards ... We provide new engines specifically for competition only, for the A15SS, B, and verious other racing classes. These engines perform very equally from one motor to another, so new racers have as good a chance at being competitive as the seasoned veterans. Outboard stock and modified boat racing is a great family ...1 day ago · 13:14. Enjoy Afternoon Tea @Westernhousehotel Handicap (4) 13:49. EBF Maiden Stakes (4) 14:24. Bridgend Motor Group Handicap (3) RALLY DAKAR 2021 – SIXTH OVERALL WIN FOR MINI. The MINI team took home the 2021 Dakar Rally win, this time it was record winner Stéphane Peterhansel (FRA) and his co-driver Edouard Boulanger (FRA) who topped the podium after twelve stages through the Saudi Arabian desert. It was Peterhansel’s 14th overall win at the Dakar, and his third ... © Ford Racing UK. Please note: Ford Racing UK has no connection with the Ford Motor Company Ltd. Why You Should Take Our Motorsports Management Course. Motorsports is a global industry growing at a record pace. According to the Motorsports Industry Association (MIA), the US market is currently worth in excess of $13.5 billion, with over 400,000 participants. In the UK, there are over 4,500 companies directly involved in motorsports.3D Driving Class Simulator Game - Bullet Train vs Motor Bike Racing - Android [email protected] Games Click Gamesabout gameThe South Korean driver's license tes... 102A Kapiti Road, Paraparaumu, 5032. Follow us on Social media. +64 (0)4 815 8015 |The Z4 GT3, 911 GT3 R and SLS AMG are displacing the quirky likes of the GT300 CRZs, BRZs and Prii. Yes, as in the plural of Prius. Its GT500 class, meanwhile, is completely independent and local,...Jan 29, 2016 · GT Daytona (GTD) Like the Prototype Challenge class, the GTD is a spec series, using the global FIA-GT3 specification. The cars are all based on production model cars, but must adhere to a strict ... The Racing Classes ACC Production Race Series All Classic Japanese Series This is a series created to encourage the racing of Classic Japanese Race cars that are 20 years old or older Northern Muscle Cars Northern Muscle was formed to organise races predominantly in Auckland, for Muscle Cars produced prior to 1983 Production Muscle CarsAuto racing (also known as car racing, motor racing, or automobile racing) is a motorsport involving the racing of automobiles for competition. ... one race usually involves several racing classes, each fighting for their own championship. Famous sports car races include the 24 Hours of Le Mans, ...Motorcycle Classes. NOTE : This information is intended to be a guide only, please refer to the DLRA Rule Book. Motorcycle classes are listed in order of displacement, frame type and engine type. Engine Displacement Classes. Shown in cubic centimeters As a result, the class is the first proving ground in motor racing and has always been a stepping stone to higher levels of motorsport. The Vee grid is split evenly between the 1600 and 1200 classes, and you will always be racing hard against someone whether you are near the front or the back. There's every chance of being a front runner in ...Dates & Details Two-Day Program Book Now Our premier program where you will gain comprehensive insight into professional race driving. We provide thorough classroom theory, advanced driving techniques and meticulous instruction, which ultimately results in driving our Formula racecars at their limits. Dates & Details One-Day Advanced Book NowMoney Race 6-4-22. Money race Sat. June 4th-First kart Race of the season!!! Gates open at 2pm, Practice at 4pm and racing at 6pm. We are running all classes, The money classes are as follows. Stock predator $40 entry, 15 kart minimum 1st $400 2nd$200 3rd $100 4th $50 5th $25 Purple plate clone $35 entry, 15 kart minimum 1st $250 2nd$150 3rd ...Welcome to the Australian Motor Racing Series - AMRS. This series provides an affordable platform for drivers, teams and categories to experience the professionalism and exposure of racing at a national level. With a wide variety of classes ranging from sports cars to utes, open-wheelers to miniature cars and everything in between, the AMRS ...Oct 05, 2015 · 1/12-scale electric pan car is the premier class for the on road side. These tiny cars typically run on a carpet track and are equipped with big power, foam tires and super-sleek can-am style bodies that allow them to slice and dice for eight minutes. Concentration is a huge part of this class as one half of a mistake can cost you the race. BRITISH HISTORIC RACING (VMCC Ltd)Event Classes 2021Note: * European & American only. Event 1. ACU Solo Girder Fork Motorcycle Championship >350cc, 351-500cc, >501cc. Event 2. Solo Motorcycles up to 250cc to 1962 * Event 3. Solo Motorcycles up to 250cc, 1963 to 1972 * Event 4.Sportsman Racing Motors - any ferrite magnet modified motor that is mass produced and commonly available through hobby distribution. Motor retail cost must not exceed $95.00. Ball bearings and adjustable timing are permitted. Re-truing of the commutator is permitted. Internal modifications to motor can, armature or magnets are not permitted.3D Driving Class Simulator Game - Bullet Train vs Motor Bike Racing - Android [email protected] Games Click Gamesabout gameThe South Korean driver's license tes... © Ford Racing UK. Please note: Ford Racing UK has no connection with the Ford Motor Company Ltd. 1 day ago · 13:14. Enjoy Afternoon Tea @Westernhousehotel Handicap (4) 13:49. EBF Maiden Stakes (4) 14:24. Bridgend Motor Group Handicap (3) Apr 05, 2022 · Written by Matt Trulio. With the addition of United States-based JBS Racing —a 42-foot MTI catamaran owned by Jeff Stevenson—the Union International Motonautique Class 1 Series now has six teams in the mix for its six-event 2022 season, which begins May 19-22 in Cocoa Beach, Fla. The news was announced this morning in a press release from ... The power to set us apart. At the highest levels of racing, milliseconds count. Nowhere is that more true than in IndyCar, where our powertrain is our advantage. The 2.2L direct injected twin turbo Chevy Indy V6 churns out around 700 horsepower that drives us to win. And when we win, the whole lineup wins. Classes. racing school - learn to race. Get behind the wheel of a real race car in Pro Drive's 2-day and 3-day Racing Schools. Experience the thrill of the race from the best seat in the house! Learn proper racing techniques and the optimal racing line at Portland International Raceway while driving as fast as you want!Skip Barber is the premiere race car driving school for all racing and driving programs. If you are interested in learning how to race, contact us today for our ... Rear disc minimum diameter – 7” — minimum width – 3/16” (5) All karts must use rear bumper rule 359.3.5. (6) Kart must meet all 125 Sprint chassis requirements. (7) Rear track width must be a minimum of 50” and a maximum of 55 1/8”. (8) Must use the 125 Sprint Shifter Seat rule described in Section 360.4.4. There have been several attempts to bring the advantages of one-design to the sport of competitive glider racing.The most successful of these has been the Schweizer 1-26 class with 700 aircraft completed and flown between 1954-1981.. Schweizer Aircraft principal Paul A Schweizer was a proponent of the One-Design concept. He intended the company's 1-26 to be the aircraft to establish a ...3D Driving Class Simulator Game - Bullet Train vs Motor Bike Racing - Android [email protected] Games Click Gamesabout gameThe South Korean driver's license tes... Class Racing might seem easy to the uninitiated, but we can assure you there's much more to it than meets the eye. Watch for it. Photo courtesy Chevrolet. Cars such as the COPO Camaro race in Factory Stock classes. As noted in the text, FS classes were established so that traditional stock cars weren't immediately made obsolete by new ...The four Professional categories are Top Fuel, Funny Car, Pro Stock, and Pro Stock Motorcycle. They, along with Top Alcohol Dragster and Top Alcohol Funny Car, the three "Super" classes - Super...Formula One, Formula Two, Formula Three and Formula Four racing are well known examples but there are other motorsport series that come under this title such as the GP2 Series, which has effectively replaced F2. Whilst the four popular formula racing categories have many similarities, there are also some specific differences.Motorcycle Classes. NOTE : This information is intended to be a guide only, please refer to the DLRA Rule Book. Motorcycle classes are listed in order of displacement, frame type and engine type. Engine Displacement Classes. Shown in cubic centimeters All Ford Performance Racing School classes are conducted by highly-trained, race-experienced professional instructors at a world-class facility located outside Charlotte, NC. The One-Day School is designed for anyone who wants to improve his or her high-performance driving skills, whether to pursue a career in motorsports or to fulfill a dream ... Types of Motorsport. When you think about types of motorsport you probably picture the sport’s most well-known guises such as racing, rallying and karting. However, these are just the tip of an iceberg. Motorsport UK represents 12 different kinds of motorsport, covering everything from high-speed racing to Autosolos in local car parks. The junior classes run for entrants aged between 8 and 16. Juniors run over the eighth mile, and average high seven-second passes with speeds of around 80 mph. Doesn't sound fast, until you realise it could be an eight-year-old driving it. Lorenz Stauble from Switzerland on his Top Fuel bike at Santa Pod. Bike Classes UEM Top Fuel BikeTypes of Motorsport. When you think about types of motorsport you probably picture the sport’s most well-known guises such as racing, rallying and karting. However, these are just the tip of an iceberg. Motorsport UK represents 12 different kinds of motorsport, covering everything from high-speed racing to Autosolos in local car parks. Jun 19, 2022 · Different racing experiences visit New Hampshire Motor Speedway throughout the year to provide track time that ranges from a ride-along to an extended behind-the-wheel opportunity. These experiences are open to the public, and most encourage those interested in participating to register before the event. Please note: Minor Waivers must be ... The junior classes run for entrants aged between 8 and 16. Juniors run over the eighth mile, and average high seven-second passes with speeds of around 80 mph. Doesn't sound fast, until you realise it could be an eight-year-old driving it. Lorenz Stauble from Switzerland on his Top Fuel bike at Santa Pod. Bike Classes UEM Top Fuel BikeDates & Details Two-Day Program Book Now Our premier program where you will gain comprehensive insight into professional race driving. We provide thorough classroom theory, advanced driving techniques and meticulous instruction, which ultimately results in driving our Formula racecars at their limits. Dates & Details One-Day Advanced Book NowMSF Basic RiderCourse (BRC) The best place to start once you've made the decision to ride. It covers the basics of operating a motorcycle and safety-oriented mental strategies. Motorcycles and helmets are provided for your use. The Basic RiderCourse consists of a three-hour eCourse, five hours of formal classroom activities, and ten hours of riding instruction conducted over two days, plus a ... Buy Tickets. Race Weekend Schedule. <. >. Friday, January 21, 2022. Saturday, January 22, 2022. Sunday, January 23, 2022. Practice 1 - Prototype Challenge 8:45 am ET to 9:30 am ET Practice 1 - Michelin Pilot Challenge 9:45 am ET to 11:00 am ET Practice 1 - WeatherTech Championship 11:15 am ET to 12:30 pm ET Practice 2 - Prototype Challenge 1:45 ...Safety. Our Supercar program is tailored to the skill level of each participant. Each experience includes a High Performance classroom session, complimentary rental of a professional racing helmet, and an in-car instructor to help make the most of your time on track! Though not officially announced, its new 2022 rules book lays out what the class will be, and what you can and can't race. First, it is open to 2019 and up production vehicles with engines produced by its manufacturer. If you remember the new 1,000 hp Chevy crate engine announced last week at the SEMA Show, you'll now understand the timing ...Oct 05, 2015 · 1/12-scale electric pan car is the premier class for the on road side. These tiny cars typically run on a carpet track and are equipped with big power, foam tires and super-sleek can-am style bodies that allow them to slice and dice for eight minutes. Concentration is a huge part of this class as one half of a mistake can cost you the race. The Different Motorcycle Racing Classes Road (On Asphalt Track) 1. Road Racing Road racing is a motorcycle sport that involves racing on specifically built tarmac surfaces or temporarily closed public roads. 2. Grand Prix Motorcycle Racing The FIM World Championship Grand Prix is the most popular competition in all of motorcycle road racing.One-design refers to a racing class that consists of just one model or design of sailboat. In one-design racing, the first boat to finish wins the race. This is contrasted with handicap racing, [3] where time is added or subtracted from the finishing times based on design factors and mathematical formulas to determine the winner. [4] J & M Motor Sports will be racing on Saturday, June 25th. 100% payback in all classes. Gates open at 4:00 p.m. Hot laps at 7:00 p.m. June Special this week will be a fun race after the features.... J & M Motor Sports will be racing on Saturday, June 25th. 100% payback in all classes. Gates open at 4:00 p.m. Hot laps at 7:00 p.m. June Special this week will be a fun race after the features.... Average track speed at Fayatteville Motor Speedway is 81 MPH. During a race, Street Stocks average 60 MPH in the corners and 80 on the straight-a-ways. Street Stocks use an Hoosier h500 8" wide racing tire. With our track surface, a car will go through an average of 8 tires per racing season. Rear tires can last around 8 weeks and front tires ... Driving programs are offered from 10 to 80 laps and also private one-on-one advanced sessions for the ultimate experience. Riding Programs. Our 4 and 10 lap Super Rides will have you riding in the passenger side with a professional driver, passing students all over the track during their 10-lap driving session. More Info 940-648-1043.1 day ago · 13:14. Enjoy Afternoon Tea @Westernhousehotel Handicap (4) 13:49. EBF Maiden Stakes (4) 14:24. Bridgend Motor Group Handicap (3) 3D Driving Class Simulator Game - Bullet Train vs Motor Bike Racing - Android [email protected] Games Click Gamesabout gameThe South Korean driver's license tes... 1 day ago · 13:14. Enjoy Afternoon Tea @Westernhousehotel Handicap (4) 13:49. EBF Maiden Stakes (4) 14:24. Bridgend Motor Group Handicap (3) This class is similar to the kids racing class but is further subdivided into two groups. Micro (ages 7 to 9) Mini (ages 9 - 12) The cadet racing class allows all drivers to run the cadet sized chassis explicitly made for it. In this class, the most common engine brands you will find are the IAME and RoK engines.Jun 17, 2022 · Enter the world of Formula 1. Your go-to source for the latest F1 news, video highlights, GP results, live timing, in-depth analysis and expert commentary. One-design refers to a racing class that consists of just one model or design of sailboat. In one-design racing, the first boat to finish wins the race. This is contrasted with handicap racing, [3] where time is added or subtracted from the finishing times based on design factors and mathematical formulas to determine the winner. [4] J & M Motor Sports will be racing on Saturday, June 25th. 100% payback in all classes. Gates open at 4:00 p.m. Hot laps at 7:00 p.m. June Special this week will be a fun race after the features.... Classes MotoAmerica's premier race class, Medallia Superbike showcases America's and some of the world's best motorcycle road racers aboard high-horsepower, highly modified, production-based liter-class motorcycles that are capable of speeds approaching 200 miles per hour. These machines are positively bristling with the latest engine, electronics, chassis and suspension, and tire ...Class Racing might seem easy to the uninitiated, but we can assure you there's much more to it than meets the eye. Watch for it. Photo courtesy Chevrolet. Cars such as the COPO Camaro race in Factory Stock classes. As noted in the text, FS classes were established so that traditional stock cars weren't immediately made obsolete by new ...102A Kapiti Road, Paraparaumu, 5032. Follow us on Social media. +64 (0)4 815 8015 |© Ford Racing UK. Please note: Ford Racing UK has no connection with the Ford Motor Company Ltd. The power to set us apart. At the highest levels of racing, milliseconds count. Nowhere is that more true than in IndyCar, where our powertrain is our advantage. The 2.2L direct injected twin turbo Chevy Indy V6 churns out around 700 horsepower that drives us to win. And when we win, the whole lineup wins. This class is similar to the kids racing class but is further subdivided into two groups. Micro (ages 7 to 9) Mini (ages 9 - 12) The cadet racing class allows all drivers to run the cadet sized chassis explicitly made for it. In this class, the most common engine brands you will find are the IAME and RoK engines.Jun 19, 2022 · Different racing experiences visit New Hampshire Motor Speedway throughout the year to provide track time that ranges from a ride-along to an extended behind-the-wheel opportunity. These experiences are open to the public, and most encourage those interested in participating to register before the event. Please note: Minor Waivers must be ... Classes MotoAmerica's premier race class, Medallia Superbike showcases America's and some of the world's best motorcycle road racers aboard high-horsepower, highly modified, production-based liter-class motorcycles that are capable of speeds approaching 200 miles per hour. These machines are positively bristling with the latest engine, electronics, chassis and suspension, and tire ...Join us at the Ford Performance Racing School — the only school to wear the Ford oval. Learn from the BEST instructors - talented racing champions with years of instructional experience who routinely score at the top of student satisfaction surveys. Study at one of America's BEST motorsport complexes, Charlotte Motor Speedway - considered by ...AMA-sanctioned motorcycle racing is the most exciting, accessible and affordable motorsport in the world. Every weekend at AMA Racing events across America, thousands of racers of all ages and skill levels, ranging from beginners to experts, face off in a number of disciplines on both modern and non-current, or vintage, motorcycles.RALLY DAKAR 2021 - SIXTH OVERALL WIN FOR MINI. The MINI team took home the 2021 Dakar Rally win, this time it was record winner Stéphane Peterhansel (FRA) and his co-driver Edouard Boulanger (FRA) who topped the podium after twelve stages through the Saudi Arabian desert. It was Peterhansel's 14th overall win at the Dakar, and his third ...Though not officially announced, its new 2022 rules book lays out what the class will be, and what you can and can't race. First, it is open to 2019 and up production vehicles with engines produced by its manufacturer. If you remember the new 1,000 hp Chevy crate engine announced last week at the SEMA Show, you'll now understand the timing ...Jan 29, 2016 · GT Daytona (GTD) Like the Prototype Challenge class, the GTD is a spec series, using the global FIA-GT3 specification. The cars are all based on production model cars, but must adhere to a strict ... Class Designations: AM preceded by car number. All Motor is run on a DYO (dial your own) system and is designed for full-bodied vehicles using normally aspirated engines with no power adders using a 4-cylinder or 5-cylinder engine or 6-cylinder OHC (over head cam) engine or 2-rotor or 3-rotor engine. Full tube chassis and front or back half ...Age Classes Kid Karts (5-7) Cadet (8-12) Junior (13-15) Seniors (16-30) Master (30+) Note: The age requirement for each class will depend on your region, the numbers mentioned above are generally true in US. Kid Karts As the name suggests, this racing class is for kids, generally of ages 5 to 7.3D Driving Class Simulator Game - Bullet Train vs Motor Bike Racing - Android [email protected] Games Click Gamesabout gameThe South Korean driver's license tes... The Z4 GT3, 911 GT3 R and SLS AMG are displacing the quirky likes of the GT300 CRZs, BRZs and Prii. Yes, as in the plural of Prius. Its GT500 class, meanwhile, is completely independent and local,...MSF Basic RiderCourse (BRC) The best place to start once you've made the decision to ride. It covers the basics of operating a motorcycle and safety-oriented mental strategies. Motorcycles and helmets are provided for your use. The Basic RiderCourse consists of a three-hour eCourse, five hours of formal classroom activities, and ten hours of riding instruction conducted over two days, plus a ... 1 day ago · 13:14. Enjoy Afternoon Tea @Westernhousehotel Handicap (4) 13:49. EBF Maiden Stakes (4) 14:24. Bridgend Motor Group Handicap (3) Auto racing (also known as car racing, motor racing, or automobile racing) is a motorsport involving the racing of automobiles for competition. ... one race usually involves several racing classes, each fighting for their own championship. Famous sports car races include the 24 Hours of Le Mans, ...Welcome to the Australian Motor Racing Series - AMRS. This series provides an affordable platform for drivers, teams and categories to experience the professionalism and exposure of racing at a national level. With a wide variety of classes ranging from sports cars to utes, open-wheelers to miniature cars and everything in between, the AMRS ...This is known as the Senior class. There are 2-stroke classes such as TaG, ROK, and Rotax, or 4-cycle classes such as World Formula, and LO206. Minimum weight requirements are higher, and speeds often exceed 70 mph on sprint tracks. 32 years and older: The Masters class is well attended and some of the funnest racing.Historic motor racing event organisers. Motor Racing Legends is the name behind nine highly prestigious historic racing series: the Amon Cup for Ford GT40's, The Jaguar Classic Challenge, the Royal Automobile Club Pall Mall Cup Three-Hour races for Pre-'66 GT and Touring Cars, the Royal Automobile Club Woodcote Trophy, the Stirling Moss Trophy, Pre '63 GT, the Sixties Touring Car ...The Z4 GT3, 911 GT3 R and SLS AMG are displacing the quirky likes of the GT300 CRZs, BRZs and Prii. Yes, as in the plural of Prius. Its GT500 class, meanwhile, is completely independent and local,...J & M Motor Sports will be racing on Saturday, June 25th. 100% payback in all classes. Gates open at 4:00 p.m. Hot laps at 7:00 p.m. June Special this week will be a fun race after the features.... FLAT KART CLASSES. Kidkart # 150 Comar C-50 or C-51 5 thru 7. Sportsman 1 # 265 Purple 3 hole plate .225 holes # 250 purple plte .425 hole 5 thru 8. Sportsman 2 # 290 Blue plate top hole .274 bottom .325 # 280 Blue plate .500 hole 8 thru 12. Junior # 320 Gold plate .505 hole # 300 Gold plate .575 hole 12 thru 15.3D Driving Class Simulator Game - Bullet Train vs Motor Bike Racing - Android [email protected] Games Click Gamesabout gameThe South Korean driver's license tes... MSF Basic RiderCourse (BRC) The best place to start once you've made the decision to ride. It covers the basics of operating a motorcycle and safety-oriented mental strategies. Motorcycles and helmets are provided for your use. The Basic RiderCourse consists of a three-hour eCourse, five hours of formal classroom activities, and ten hours of riding instruction conducted over two days, plus a ... 10l_2ttl