Korean religion culture

Freedom of religion is guaranteed by the Constitution in Korea. According to a 1995 social statistics survey, 50.7 percent of Koreans follow a specific religious faith. Buddhists account for some 46 percent followed by Protestants at 39 percent and Catholics at 13 percent of the religious population. ShamanismAug 18, 2014 · A religion of modernity. In the late 18th and early 19th century, Catholicism came to be seen in Korea as a religion of modernity and science. In the 1970s and 1980s, it came to be seen as the ... Buddhism is the main religion in Korea and its teachings reflect in Korean lifestyle, culture and arts. Numerous Buddhist statues, monuments and temples have been included in the National Treasure and Monument list by the government. Yungdrung is a major symbol of Korean Buddhism and it can be seen outside temples and religious places in Korea.Feb 13, 2012 · Hahm Chai-bong, president of the Asan Institute for Policy Studies and co-author of “Confucianism for the Modern World,” agrees that Confucianism has been instrumental in Koreans’ propensity ... Feb 13, 2012 · Hahm Chai-bong, president of the Asan Institute for Policy Studies and co-author of “Confucianism for the Modern World,” agrees that Confucianism has been instrumental in Koreans’ propensity ... The Japanese Imperial family is the oldest hereditary monarchy in the world. The family's lineage dates back to the sixth century BC, though the title of Tenno (emperor) or Sumera-Mikoto (heavenly sovereign) was assumed by rulers in the sixth or seventh century and has been used since. The family crest (right) is the kiku, or chrysanthemum. Many Korean people (including those who identify as non-religious) have some affiliation or understanding of traditional Asian philosophies, as the tenets and values of these belief systems still tend to have a strong influence on societal behaviours and practices. The Korean variant of Buddhism is called Korean Buddhism.Korean culture comprises all of its history, customs, traditions, and beliefs. It has been shaped by each of its different dynasties, wars, changes in religious beliefs, the modernization of the world as a whole, and many other customs and traditions that have passed on between generations, experiencing slight changes with each generational pass.Religion and Cultures Religion In South Korea's mega city Seoul most people believe in Buddhism (29%) which is a religion based on meditating about the qualities of awareness, kindness and wisdom aiming to become enlightened.Islam sees a women as a mother, wife, helper, and supporter. Although equality is stressed in the Quran there is a significant gap between men and women's status especially in rural areas. This gap impairs a women's economic growth and development, and inequalities in social, religious, cultural, and gender. (Al-Mannai) Christianity and Buddhism are the dominant confessions among those who affiliate with a formal religion. Buddhism and Confucianism are the most influential religions in the lives of the South Korean people. Buddhism, which arrived in Korea in 372 AD, has tens of thousands of temples built across the country. In the first half of the First Millennium A.D. Buddhist monks made their way across Central Asia, through China and into Korea. It was the Mahayana, or Greater Vehicle, variety of Buddhism in ...Aug 31, 2020 · Suffixes & Titles of Korean Honorifics Korean Honorific Suffix 님(nim) The use of 님(nim) is often attached to people’s names or titles, and it roughly translates into Mr. Name or Mrs./Ms. Name. The Korean version of Instagram adds 님 after user IDs. In western culture, using Mr. or Mrs. may make the listener feel old, and therefore ... The characterization “syncretic” is commonly used to describe the amalgamated nature of Korean Buddhism, but to the degree that the term “syncretism” connotes a kind loose interreligious borrowing of terminology and concepts by divergent religious traditions, it falls a bit short of capturing the depth of the level, as well as the ... Since the middle of the 20th century, however, Christianity has competed with Buddhism in South Korea, while religious practice has been suppressed in North Korea. Throughout Korean history and culture, regardless of separation; the influence of traditional beliefs of Korean Shamanism, Mahayana Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism have remained an ... PERCENTAGE OF KOREANS WITH A RELIGIOUS AFFILIATION According to a 2015 survey with 1,500 respondents, 56.9% of South Koreans don't have a religious affiliation. As can be seen on the diagram above, 19.7% of the respondents were Christians and 15.5% were believers of Buddhism.Aug 07, 2019 · Korea is a peninsula, so Koreans eat a lot of seafood although meat has become very popular in the last 50 or so years. The most common spice and sauce ingredients used in Korean cuisine are: Sesame oil. Chili pepper paste ( kochujang) Chili pepper flakes ( kochukaru) Soybean paste ( daenjang) Soy sauce. Garlic. The child plays alone and independently even if surrounded by other children. It is mentioned as typical of two-year-olds play; (2) Parallel play. The child plays independently at the same activity, at the same time, and in the same place. The child is aware of the presence of peers but each child plays separately; (3) Associate play. Nov 05, 2018 · By Park Sang-seek. The main pillar of traditional Korean culture was collectivism. Collectivism in the Korean context can be defined as a culture based on the hierarchical social structure which ... Apr 28, 2015 · Buddhism recognizes Shamanism as an existent religion, and Shaman shrines can be found outside of most Buddhist temples in Korea. After talking with several of my Korean friends, I learned that in modern Korea, Shamanism plays more of a role as cultural tradition than as a strict religious practice. Religion in Korea encompasses Buddhism, Confucianism, Christianity, Daoism and Shamanism as practiced historically in Korea, as well as contemporary North Korea and South Korea. Shamanism represents Korea's first religion, the religion of Dangun, the mythical founder of Korea in 2333 B.C.E..Since the middle of the 20th century, however, Christianity has competed with Buddhism in South Korea, while religious practice has been suppressed in North Korea. Throughout Korean history and culture, regardless of separation; the influence of traditional beliefs of Korean Shamanism, Mahayana Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism have remained an ... Korea, known as Choson (Land of Morning Calm) to people native to the peninsula, is an area that has remained culturally isolated despite being subject to many different nations over its 6,000 year...The Department of Korean Language and Literature aims at the creative inheritance and development of Korean culture through the study of Korean language and literature. As Korean life is intertwined with its language, and the spirit of that life is contained within Korean literary works, the study of Korean language and literature likes at the ... Since the middle of the 20th century, however, Christianity has competed with Buddhism in South Korea, while religious practice has been suppressed in North Korea. Throughout Korean history and culture, regardless of separation; the influence of traditional beliefs of Korean Shamanism, Mahayana Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism have remained an ... Religion in Korea encompasses Buddhism, Confucianism, Christianity, Daoism and Shamanism as practiced historically in Korea, as well as contemporary North Korea and South Korea. Shamanism represents Korea's first religion, the religion of Dangun, the mythical founder of Korea in 2333 B.C.E..Apr 28, 2015 · Buddhism recognizes Shamanism as an existent religion, and Shaman shrines can be found outside of most Buddhist temples in Korea. After talking with several of my Korean friends, I learned that in modern Korea, Shamanism plays more of a role as cultural tradition than as a strict religious practice. Korean culture comprises all of its history, customs, traditions, and beliefs. It has been shaped by each of its different dynasties, wars, changes in religious beliefs, the modernization of the world as a whole, and many other customs and traditions that have passed on between generations, experiencing slight changes with each generational pass.The Goryeo dynasty, the middle period in Korea’s traditional history, emerged from the disintegration of the Unified Silla dynasty and ended with the rise of the Joseon dynasty. This era of dynamic internal refinement was also marked by a contentious relationship with the tribal peoples north of Korea. A sophisticated aristocracy standardized ... The Department of Korean Language and Literature aims at the creative inheritance and development of Korean culture through the study of Korean language and literature. As Korean life is intertwined with its language, and the spirit of that life is contained within Korean literary works, the study of Korean language and literature likes at the ... Since the middle of the 20th century, however, Christianity has competed with Buddhism in South Korea, while religious practice has been suppressed in North Korea. Throughout Korean history and culture, regardless of separation; the influence of traditional beliefs of Korean Shamanism, Mahayana Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism have remained an ... "Examining Tonghak: The First Organized Indigenous Religion in Korea," Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies (Dec. 2015): 427-440. Baynes, Thomas Spencer. ed. "Religions" Encyclopedia Britannica (New York: Henry G. Allen & Co., 1888), 358-371. Cho Hung-youn. "Cultural Interbreeding between Korean Shamanism and Imported Religions."Feb 27, 2018 · 7. Owning a Bible is illegal in North Korea laws. bible study tools. In North Korea, the Bible is considered to be a symbol of western culture and therefore not allowed in the country as it might influence the people and convert them. Once, a Christian woman who was distributing the Bible, was arrested and executed. 8. Feb 27, 2018 · 7. Owning a Bible is illegal in North Korea laws. bible study tools. In North Korea, the Bible is considered to be a symbol of western culture and therefore not allowed in the country as it might influence the people and convert them. Once, a Christian woman who was distributing the Bible, was arrested and executed. 8. Feb 27, 2018 · 7. Owning a Bible is illegal in North Korea laws. bible study tools. In North Korea, the Bible is considered to be a symbol of western culture and therefore not allowed in the country as it might influence the people and convert them. Once, a Christian woman who was distributing the Bible, was arrested and executed. 8. Jul 16, 2020 · Religion as a whole has been declining, but this is a manifestation of a deeper issue. South Korea has made great strides as a nation. In only a short amount of time, it has cemented itself as the ... Korean culture comprises all of its history, customs, traditions, and beliefs. It has been shaped by each of its different dynasties, wars, changes in religious beliefs, the modernization of the world as a whole, and many other customs and traditions that have passed on between generations, experiencing slight changes with each generational pass.The Japanese Imperial family is the oldest hereditary monarchy in the world. The family's lineage dates back to the sixth century BC, though the title of Tenno (emperor) or Sumera-Mikoto (heavenly sovereign) was assumed by rulers in the sixth or seventh century and has been used since. The family crest (right) is the kiku, or chrysanthemum. In her 2012 thematic report ( A/67/287 ), the Special Rapporteur underscores the right of women to have access to, participate in and contribute to all aspects of cultural life. This encompasses women's right to actively engage in identifying and interpreting cultural heritage and traditions, and to decide which practices, values or traditions ... See full list on worldatlas.com May 15, 2017 · South Korea holidays in 2023 Popular upcoming holidays you may be interested in. National Ice Cream Day July 17, 2022. VJ Day August 08, 2022. Ashura ... Throughout the ages, there have been various popular religious traditions practiced on the Korean peninsula.The oldest indigenous religion of Korea is the Korean folk religion (a version of Shamanism), which has been passed down from prehistory to the present. Buddhism was introduced to Korea from China during the Three Kingdoms era in the 4th century, and the religion pervaded the culture ...Since the middle of the 20th century, however, Christianity has competed with Buddhism in South Korea, while religious practice has been suppressed in North Korea. Throughout Korean history and culture, regardless of separation; the influence of traditional beliefs of Korean Shamanism, Mahayana Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism have remained an ... The religion has played a key role since Korean civilization developed back during the early, mythical part of the founding of Korea's first kingdom of Gojoseon by Dangun Wanggeom in 2333 BC. Before the introduction of Buddhism and Confucianism traditional Korean Shamanism was the dominant religion in Korea.Religion in South Korea is prevailed by the traditional Buddhist religion and a large but decreasing Christian population. The exercise of some of these religions has been powerfully influenced by the bearing legacies of Korean Confucianism, which made up the official political theory of Joseon Dynasty, and Korean shamanism, the indigene faith of the Korean Peninsula.Essentially, the studies findings show that 50% of South Korean are now non-religious, 32% follow some section of Christianity, 16% are Buddhist, and 2% believe in some other form of religion. The deviation from the traditionally religious South Korea culture and demographics, is the rise of Atheists.Since the middle of the 20th century, however, Christianity has competed with Buddhism in South Korea, while religious practice has been suppressed in North Korea. Throughout Korean history and culture, regardless of separation; the influence of traditional beliefs of Korean Shamanism, Mahayana Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism have remained an ... Jun 08, 2020 · Another odd Korean superstition is about number “Four.” In many countries and cultures, number 13 is treated to be unlucky or inauspicious. In South Korea, number 4 has a similar connotation. The Korean word for number “four” has the same sound as the word for death and is considered unlucky by people. In particular, Korean Shamanism, the enduring core of Korean religious and cultural thought, is given special attention in order to explain the prominence of its worldview and practices in the ...The 2015 Australian International Business Survey (AIBS) identified that local language, culture, and business practicalities as the largest single barrier to conducting business in Korea for Australian businesses. For this reason, it is crucial to understand some fundamental Korean cultural practices within the business context. The Department of Korean Language and Literature aims at the creative inheritance and development of Korean culture through the study of Korean language and literature. As Korean life is intertwined with its language, and the spirit of that life is contained within Korean literary works, the study of Korean language and literature likes at the ... Since the middle of the 20th century, however, Christianity has competed with Buddhism in South Korea, while religious practice has been suppressed in North Korea. Throughout Korean history and culture, regardless of separation; the influence of traditional beliefs of Korean Shamanism, Mahayana Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism have remained an ... The Goryeo dynasty, the middle period in Korea’s traditional history, emerged from the disintegration of the Unified Silla dynasty and ended with the rise of the Joseon dynasty. This era of dynamic internal refinement was also marked by a contentious relationship with the tribal peoples north of Korea. A sophisticated aristocracy standardized ... Nov 30, 2019 · Just to let you know, Koreans love rice. Hence, you can find rice in almost all Korean dishes. For them, rice is a staple food! Along with that, varieties of other ingredients like sesame seeds, pork, and beef are also loved by the locals. The other main dishes are pot-stews, soups, dried fish, and steamed ingredients. Jul 16, 2020 · Religion as a whole has been declining, but this is a manifestation of a deeper issue. South Korea has made great strides as a nation. In only a short amount of time, it has cemented itself as the ... 10 day cultural, religious and historic sites trip through Seoul, Jeju, Busan and 3 other destinations in South Korea. Read More. Tour Type Small Group Tour. Operator. Online. Bamba Active 15 hours ago Premier. This operator is consistently delivering tours which receive customer ratings above 4.5 on average. See full list on 90daykorean.com Islam sees a women as a mother, wife, helper, and supporter. Although equality is stressed in the Quran there is a significant gap between men and women's status especially in rural areas. This gap impairs a women's economic growth and development, and inequalities in social, religious, cultural, and gender. (Al-Mannai) May 14, 2020 · The Dalai Lama was born Lhamo Thondup on July 6, 1935 in Taktser, China. At age 15, he assumed political power of Tibet as the Dalai Lama. The People's Republic of China invaded that same year ... Cultural Pluralism can be defined as an arrangement in a society where multiple smaller cultures assimilate in mainstream society but also maintain their cultural uniqueness without being homogenised by the dominant culture. The difference in cultural pluralism can be observed between homogeneous societies like Israel, Japan, South Korea which ... Feb 17, 2020 · 15. Food is the essence of everything in Korea. If there’s one thing that describes Korea best, it’s the food culture. Not only do Korean people eat out a lot, eating equals well-being from Seoul to Busan. Saying ‘how are you’ can largely be associated with ‘have you eaten’. Cultural and Religious Observances. One of the characteristics of a University that subscribes to inclusive excellence is an appreciation for dates and events that are important to a wide range of cultures and religions. Below is a listing of events to serve as a resource for all and a tool for those planning events. Religion in South Korea is prevailed by the traditional Buddhist religion and a large but decreasing Christian population. The exercise of some of these religions has been powerfully influenced by the bearing legacies of Korean Confucianism, which made up the official political theory of Joseon Dynasty, and Korean shamanism, the indigene faith of the Korean Peninsula. Howard, J. Y., & Berbiglia, V. A. (1997). Caring for childbearing Korean women. JOGNN, 26, 665-671. An overview of the Korean culture is provided reviewing religious practices, educational levels, food, health, and childbearing, Koreans respect authority including individuals providing health care. They are interested in disease prevention. In particular, Korean Shamanism, the enduring core of Korean religious and cultural thought, is given special attention in order to explain the prominence of its worldview and practices in the uniquely Korean form of Protestantism.Korean culture comprises all of its history, customs, traditions, and beliefs. It has been shaped by each of its different dynasties, wars, changes in religious beliefs, the modernization of the world as a whole, and many other customs and traditions that have passed on between generations, experiencing slight changes with each generational pass.Feb 13, 2012 · Hahm Chai-bong, president of the Asan Institute for Policy Studies and co-author of “Confucianism for the Modern World,” agrees that Confucianism has been instrumental in Koreans’ propensity ... Since the middle of the 20th century, however, Christianity has competed with Buddhism in South Korea, while religious practice has been suppressed in North Korea. Throughout Korean history and culture, regardless of separation; the influence of traditional beliefs of Korean Shamanism, Mahayana Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism have remained an ... Of the traditional religions, Shamanism, Confucianism, and Buddhism have the oldest roots in traditional Korean culture. All of them have also had a large cultural influence in Korea and impacted Korean society as a whole, beyond religious beliefs. Korean Buddhism (불교)Feb 17, 2020 · 15. Food is the essence of everything in Korea. If there’s one thing that describes Korea best, it’s the food culture. Not only do Korean people eat out a lot, eating equals well-being from Seoul to Busan. Saying ‘how are you’ can largely be associated with ‘have you eaten’. Since the middle of the 20th century, however, Christianity has competed with Buddhism in South Korea, while religious practice has been suppressed in North Korea. Throughout Korean history and culture, regardless of separation; the influence of traditional beliefs of Korean Shamanism, Mahayana Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism have remained an ... Korean culture comprises all of its history, customs, traditions, and beliefs. It has been shaped by each of its different dynasties, wars, changes in religious beliefs, the modernization of the world as a whole, and many other customs and traditions that have passed on between generations, experiencing slight changes with each generational pass.Aug 18, 2014 · A religion of modernity. In the late 18th and early 19th century, Catholicism came to be seen in Korea as a religion of modernity and science. In the 1970s and 1980s, it came to be seen as the ... Aug 18, 2014 · A religion of modernity. In the late 18th and early 19th century, Catholicism came to be seen in Korea as a religion of modernity and science. In the 1970s and 1980s, it came to be seen as the ... Religion in South Korea is prevailed by the traditional Buddhist religion and a large but decreasing Christian population. The exercise of some of these religions has been powerfully influenced by the bearing legacies of Korean Confucianism, which made up the official political theory of Joseon Dynasty, and Korean shamanism, the indigene faith of the Korean Peninsula. May 15, 2017 · South Korea holidays in 2023 Popular upcoming holidays you may be interested in. National Ice Cream Day July 17, 2022. VJ Day August 08, 2022. Ashura ... Oct 02, 2002 · Korean Zen (Son) Buddhism. The Korean word for Ch'an or Zen is Son. Buddhism is highly significant in Korea. Figures from 1991 showed 26 Buddhist sects and 9,231 temples with more than 11 million ... The median age of Korean immigrants was 48 in 2017, compared to 45 for the overall foreign-born population and 36 for the U.S. born. However, more Korean immigrants are of workforce participation age than U.S.-born individuals, with 77 percent and 59 percent, respectively, between the ages of 18 and 64 (see Figure 4). May 24, 2018 · Dreaming of pigs will bring you wealth. In many countries, pigs are often seen as dirty animals but in Korea, they are representative of fertility and wealth. This is because the pronunciation of “pig” is similar to the pronunciation for “jade.”. Therefore, many Koreans believe that dreaming of pigs is a sign that great riches will soon ... Since the middle of the 20th century, however, Christianity has competed with Buddhism in South Korea, while religious practice has been suppressed in North Korea. Throughout Korean history and culture, regardless of separation; the influence of traditional beliefs of Korean Shamanism, Mahayana Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism have remained an ... Christianity and Buddhism are the dominant confessions among those who affiliate with a formal religion. Buddhism and Confucianism are the most influential religions in the lives of the South Korean people. Buddhism, which arrived in Korea in 372 AD, has tens of thousands of temples built across the country. Since the middle of the 20th century, however, Christianity has competed with Buddhism in South Korea, while religious practice has been suppressed in North Korea. Throughout Korean history and culture, regardless of separation; the influence of traditional beliefs of Korean Shamanism, Mahayana Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism have remained an ... Since the middle of the 20th century, however, Christianity has competed with Buddhism in South Korea, while religious practice has been suppressed in North Korea. Throughout Korean history and culture, regardless of separation; the influence of traditional beliefs of Korean Shamanism, Mahayana Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism have remained an ... In particular, Korean Shamanism, the enduring core of Korean religious and cultural thought, is given special attention in order to explain the prominence of its worldview and practices in the ...Since the middle of the 20th century, however, Christianity has competed with Buddhism in South Korea, while religious practice has been suppressed in North Korea. Throughout Korean history and culture, regardless of separation; the influence of traditional beliefs of Korean Shamanism, Mahayana Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism have remained an ... The 2015 Australian International Business Survey (AIBS) identified that local language, culture, and business practicalities as the largest single barrier to conducting business in Korea for Australian businesses. For this reason, it is crucial to understand some fundamental Korean cultural practices within the business context. Apr 28, 2015 · Buddhism recognizes Shamanism as an existent religion, and Shaman shrines can be found outside of most Buddhist temples in Korea. After talking with several of my Korean friends, I learned that in modern Korea, Shamanism plays more of a role as cultural tradition than as a strict religious practice. In the first half of the First Millennium A.D. Buddhist monks made their way across Central Asia, through China and into Korea. It was the Mahayana, or Greater Vehicle, variety of Buddhism in ...See full list on 90daykorean.com Aug 18, 2014 · A religion of modernity. In the late 18th and early 19th century, Catholicism came to be seen in Korea as a religion of modernity and science. In the 1970s and 1980s, it came to be seen as the ... Jan 05, 2022 · Fact #4: Shops Remain Open Longer Than Restaurants and Cafes. South Koreans are crazy about shopping and it is something of a national past time. Testimony to this is the fact that the country has some of the largest shopping malls in the world. This also explains why bars, cafes and restaurants in South Korea close by 11 pm whereas shops and ... Nov 30, 2019 · Just to let you know, Koreans love rice. Hence, you can find rice in almost all Korean dishes. For them, rice is a staple food! Along with that, varieties of other ingredients like sesame seeds, pork, and beef are also loved by the locals. The other main dishes are pot-stews, soups, dried fish, and steamed ingredients. Religion in South Korea is prevailed by the traditional Buddhist religion and a large but decreasing Christian population. The exercise of some of these religions has been powerfully influenced by the bearing legacies of Korean Confucianism, which made up the official political theory of Joseon Dynasty, and Korean shamanism, the indigene faith of the Korean Peninsula.Oct 02, 2002 · Korean Zen (Son) Buddhism. The Korean word for Ch'an or Zen is Son. Buddhism is highly significant in Korea. Figures from 1991 showed 26 Buddhist sects and 9,231 temples with more than 11 million ... The Korean Fashion Online Clothes Store , Shop for Korean Style Clothing ,Accessories,Bags and Jewelry for Men and Women. Throughout the ages, there have been various popular religious traditions practiced on the Korean peninsula.The oldest indigenous religion of Korea is the Korean folk religion (a version of Shamanism), which has been passed down from prehistory to the present. Buddhism was introduced to Korea from China during the Three Kingdoms era in the 4th century, and the religion pervaded the culture ...Freedom of religion is guaranteed by the Constitution in Korea. According to a 1995 social statistics survey, 50.7 percent of Koreans follow a specific religious faith. Buddhists account for some 46 percent followed by Protestants at 39 percent and Catholics at 13 percent of the religious population. ShamanismHoward, J. Y., & Berbiglia, V. A. (1997). Caring for childbearing Korean women. JOGNN, 26, 665-671. An overview of the Korean culture is provided reviewing religious practices, educational levels, food, health, and childbearing, Koreans respect authority including individuals providing health care. They are interested in disease prevention. Since the middle of the 20th century, however, Christianity has competed with Buddhism in South Korea, while religious practice has been suppressed in North Korea. Throughout Korean history and culture, regardless of separation; the influence of traditional beliefs of Korean Shamanism, Mahayana Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism have remained an ... The Korean Fashion Online Clothes Store , Shop for Korean Style Clothing ,Accessories,Bags and Jewelry for Men and Women. Of the traditional religions, Shamanism, Confucianism, and Buddhism have the oldest roots in traditional Korean culture. All of them have also had a large cultural influence in Korea and impacted Korean society as a whole, beyond religious beliefs. Korean Buddhism (불교)Common Korean Surnames. The National Statistical Office of Korea conducts a survey of names and places of origin every 15 years. According to the most recent survey taken in 2015, 21.5% (10.6 million) of Koreans have the surname Kim, making it number one. "Examining Tonghak: The First Organized Indigenous Religion in Korea," Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies (Dec. 2015): 427-440. Baynes, Thomas Spencer. ed. "Religions" Encyclopedia Britannica (New York: Henry G. Allen & Co., 1888), 358-371. Cho Hung-youn. "Cultural Interbreeding between Korean Shamanism and Imported Religions." 10l_2ttl